Coal assumes an indispensable part in the power supply around the world. At present, coal-fired power plants fuel practically half of the global power. In most countries in Africa, coal fuels a higher percentage of electricity. Most of their energy needs are directly derived from coal and those expended locally goes towards electricity production.

There is an abundance of coal in the African region. Many of its countries have coal reserves. Its coal could play a significant role in expanding power access in the region. Furthermore, a number of African countries believe that they have significant coal reserves that have not yet been properly assessed, which could increase the potential role of coal in the region.

Africa’s coal production is anticipated to escalate due to the increasing demand from different countries, and the lofty climb in oil costs drove the increased use of coal. Most of the countries in Africa are heavily dependent on coal for power generation, and currently, the choice of coal is one of the very few options to provide affordable electricity.

Given the undeniable need to use coal in the power generation for many African countries as it provides low-cost energy, researches on clean coal technology are also being undertaken.


As Africa modernizes and solar costs trend lower, solar power is poised to play an integral part in Africa`s electrification.

Due to its proximity to the equator, Africa gets more sunlight than other solar markets. Greater solar radiation makes solar power more affordable. Africa has a lot of desert land next to major population centers. This close geographic proximity allows utility-scale power plants to be built without major detriment and power to be transmitted economically.

Solar power, in the same way as all other renewable energies, is very safe and environmentally friendly, and since its use is readily accessible, Africa can tap it to generate electricity. Its solar power has the potential to provide all of the world`s energy. This gives solar power the potential to bring electric power to virtually any location in Africa without the requirement for costly large scale grid level infrastructural improvements.

Albeit some who would not immediately associate solar power with notable innovations, it is actually vital to the power-generation strategies in many parts of Africa. Some of its countries have already adopted this solar power, and despite the lingering infrastructure challenges that lie ahead, solar power has already been employed to power up appliances and will undoubtedly shape the continent particularly the rural areas.